Nigerian President Buhari moves to ease cash shortage crisis

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) swapped old bills of the local naira currency for new, redesigned ones, leading to a nationwide shortfall in physical banknotes, which triggered protests in major cities.

Feb 16, 2023 - 12:33
Nigerian President Buhari moves to ease cash shortage crisis
Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari gives a speech during the opening ceremony of the

LAGOS, Nigeria - The president of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, on Thursday defended a currency swap that sparked protests and cash shortages, but ordered old, small denomination 200 naira notes to remain in circulation to ease scarcities.

Nigeria was struggling with a shortage in physical cash since the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) began to swap old bills of the local naira currency for new, redesigned ones, leading to a shortfall in banknotes.

Scarcity of cash triggered violent protests in major cities as angry and frustrated bank customers attacked and vandalised banks and blocked roads.

The weeks-long cash crisis intensified days before Nigerians go to the ballot box on 25 February to elect a successor to Buhari, who steps down after two terms in office.

In a national broadcast early Thursday, Buhari described the naira policy as a "positive departure from the past" and said it represented a "bold legacy step" towards free and fair elections by helping to curb vote buying.

The president said he was moved by the hardships and pains people faced over the cash crunch.

"To further ease the supply pressures, particularly to our citizens, I have given approval to the CBN that the old 200 bank notes be released back into circulation," he said.

The policy introduced redesigned 200-, 500- and 1,000-naira notes.

The old 200-naira bills will circulate as legal tender for 60 days until 10 April, along with the new notes.

Buhari said old 500 and 1,000 bills should be deposited with the central bank.


He said his government "will continue to assess the implementation with a view to ensuring that Nigerians are not unnecessarily burdened."

The president asked the central bank to make sure new notes become more available and accessible through the banks.

Tensions flared in Nigeria since the central bank set a February deadline for depositors to change old notes, leaving many people cashless and frustrated.

Many people working in Nigeria's informal economy and in transport use cash for transactions rather than banking apps.

The central bank said the policy was aimed at mopping up excess and counterfeit naira from the system as well as discouraging cash ransom payments to kidnappers and bandits.

The policy was also to promote cashless transactions by limiting the use of cash for businesses.

But some state governments have taken the central bank to court, seeking to suspend the policy and allow Nigerians to use both the old and new notes until the banks are able to provide enough cash.

The court is set to make a ruling on 22 February.